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Louisiana Department of Health & Hospitals | Kathy Kliebert, Secretary

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Statewide Initiatives



211 - Get Connected. Get Answers.

For Individuals with Diabetes

 

What is Diabetes?

What are the major types of Diabetes?

  • Type 1 Diabetes: Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or juvenile-onset diabetes
  • Type 2 Diabetes: Non-insulin-dependent mellitus or adult-onset diabetes
  • Gestational Diabetes: Develops in 2%-5% of all pregnancies, but usually disappears when the pregnancy is over

Risk Factors for Diabetes

The following is a list of factors that contribute increased risk to contracting diabetes:

  • Family history of diabetes
  • Obesity
  • African or Native American heritage
  • Over 45 years old
  • Hypertension
  • History of gestational diabetes
  • Delivered a baby weighing over nine pounds

Warning Signs of Diabetes

Insulin-Dependent Diabetes (onset is usually sudden)

  • Frequent urination
  • Excessive thirst
  • Extreme hunger
  • Dramatic weight loss
  • Irritability
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Nausea and vomiting

Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes (may develop slowly)

  • Any of the insulin-dependent symptoms
  • Recurring or hard to heal skin,
  • Gum or bladder infections
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet Itching

If you have any of these symptoms, contact a doctor promptly and ask to be tested for diabetes.

ComplicatioNs of Diabetes

  • Blindness (diabetic retinopathy)
  • Kidney Disease (diabetic nephropathy)
  • Heart Disease and Stroke (people with diabetes are 2 to 4 times more likely to have heart disease and suffer a stroke)
  • Nerve Disease and Amputations (diabetes is the most frequent cause of non-traumatic lower limb amputations)

Recommendations

  • Eat healthy balanced meals
  • Exercise moderately
  • Avoid tobacco

For persons already affected with diabetes, these choices will improve their quality of life and, in combination with routine screenings, eye and foot exams, glucose checks, flu shots, and consultations with health care professionals, enable them to better manage the disease.

For more information on diabetes go to:

American Diabetes Association

Prescription Assistance

Defeat Diabetes-Financial Assistance